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A Global Arctic? Chinese Aspirations in the North /




The white paper also explained how the impacts of climate change on the Arctic would affect the entire world and the reasons why China should be concerned. [...] China experts interpret the expansion of the Belt and Road Initiative’s geographical reach to include the Arctic, as an indication of how this economic and trade initiative has become an integral part of China’s overall foreign policy.6 1 The State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China. [...] In the summer of 2017 Beijing tested the commercial viability of the Northern Sea Route along the Russian coast and the Northwest Passage. [...] Chinese Aspirations in the North Long (Snow Dragon) traversed through Canadian and European Arctic waters supporting scientific research but also collecting knowledge that will be useful for future cargo shipments.8 The state-owned China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO) is already shipping goods through the Russian Arctic to European consumers.9 For Canada, the significance of the polar Silk Road in [...] The Chinese argued in 2018 that “the Arctic is gaining global significance” and that changes in the region have “a vital bearing on the interests of States outside the region and the interests of the international community as a whole, as well as on the survival, the development, and the shared future for mankind”.11 This echoes the arguments that the European Union put forward in its policy docum


china european union politics united states arctic canada international relations investments transport belt and road initiative human activities canadian defence and foreign affairs institute canadian global affairs institute the european union the belt and road initiative silk road economic belt one belt, one road arctic waters