At the producer level, a key factor will be the effect of the CQA and the EMS on the cost structure of hog farms. [...] A certain percentage of valida- Figure 1: tors are audited to verify the On-farm food safety steps accuracy and consistency of the validation process and of the implementation of the whole Development of OFFS initiatives by the program. [...] Canadian association of producers The certification mechanism of Approval by the CFIA the CQA and the role of all par- ticipating parties is summarized Enrolment and formation of Provincial association of producers in Figure 1. Figure 1 is adapted from a document of the Union Third-party audit des Producteurs Agricoles (UPA) in Quebec and illustrates the Implementation on the farm interactions bet [...] Best Reduce monitoring and enforcement practices do not eliminate all risks costs Reduce product liability costsA Qualitative Assessment of the Benefits and Costs of On-Farm Food Safety and Environmental Farm Plans in the Pork Sector A Qu Identifying the benefits and costs of on-farm food safetyTable 4 identifies the private costs of implementing the CQA. [...] A Qualitative Assessment of the Benefits and Costs of On-Farm Food Safety and Environmental Farm Plans in the Pork Sector A Qu Identifying the benefits and costs of on-farm food safetyScenario 2: The situation would potentially be different if no exports of live hogs existed before implementing HACCP at the farm level.
agriculture economics food economy subsidy supply chain business prices demand supply cost marginal cost demand curve economic surplus elasticity (economics) externality demand and supply elasticity pork industry and trade supply curve haccp producer surplus