The opinions and recommendations in this report, and any errors, are those of the authors, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funders of this report. [...] The lowest infant fees are found in Montreal at $164 a month and the rest of the cities in Quebec (Gatineau, Laval, Longueuil and Quebec City) at $179 a month. [...] At the other end of the spec- trum is Montreal with fees of $164 a month, the other cities in Quebec at $179 a month and Winnipeg at $451 a month. [...] First, fees vary significantly across the country; they are the lowest in provinces that set the fees provincially and they are high- est in the cities where the market determines the price. [...] A Growing Concern: 2016 Child Care Fees in Canada’s Big Cities 8 2016 Survey Details this pAper updAtes and expands on the child care fee surveys completed in the previous two years in The Parent Trap: Child Care Fees in Canada’s Big Cities (2014)4 and They Go Up So Fast: 2015 Child Care Fees in Canadian Cities (2015)5.