Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/km993h

A study of language learner needs and barriers to accessing Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC) programs in Hamilton, Ontario




The analysis of data revealed that the typical LINC participant in this study held a university or college education and that the majority of LINC learners want their own copy of a LINC textbook, a course outline, integrated (versus discrete) skills classes, and a combined practical and academic focus to their English studies. [...] In The Use of CLBA Scores in LINC Program Placement Practices in Western Canada, Rossiter and Pawlikowska-Smith (1999) conducted a study of the efficacy of the CLBA as administered in LINC institutions in Edmonton, Calgary, and Vancouver, and made recommendations on ways to refine the test. [...] Nonetheless, it is interesting to note that at the time of the study, most of the LINC Level 3 students were pleased with their experiences with LINC but were very clear that LINC only provided them with a basic facility in English and orientation to Canada. [...] In addition, prior to and during the focus groups and interviews, participants were encouraged to ask any questions or clarify any concerns that they might have had with respect to the study or with the delivery of the LINC program. [...] With respect to the ages of the children, 70% of participants’ children were over the age of 7 years old; 25% had children between the ages of 1 to 6 years of age; 4% had children under the age of 1 year old, and 2% represent a missing response.



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