'This report considers cyber threat activity that affects the democratic process. Cyberthreat activity involves the use of cyber tools (e.g. malware and spearphishing) to compromise the security of an information system by altering the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of a system or the information it contains. While there is a significant amount of false and misleading information online, foreign cyber interference targeting voters occurs when foreign threat actors use cyber tools to covertly manipulate online information in order to influence voters’ opinions and behaviours'--page 6.
security government politics democracy crime science and technology armed conflict canada computer security computer crime election human activities conflicts, war and peace computing and information technology information age cyberwarfare communications security establishment centre de la sécurité des télécommunications democratic party (united states) it security