Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/fjmn3j

The journey of reconciliation : Understanding our treaty past, present and future




The Journey of Reconciliation: Understanding our Treaty Past, Present and Future by Julie Jai January 2014 The Journey of Reconciliation: Understanding our Treaty Past, Present and Future by Julie Jai1 January 2014 1 Julie Jai is an Associate Fellow of the Caledon Institute and has held senior positions in the field of Aboriginal law in the Ontario and Yukon governments and the Government of Canad [...] The historic treaties signed in the 19th and early 20th centuries – when some Aboriginal peoples faced the threat of extinction from disease and starvation – were drafted by the Crown and reflect the Crown’s interests, rather than the understanding of the Aboriginal signatories. [...] There are few written records of the treaties between the French and Aboriginal peoples, as the French adopted the Aboriginal protocol of keeping treaties alive through regular feasts, speeches and gifts, rather than the European practice of written agreements. [...] The American war of independence and ensuing loss of the British colonies south of the border in 1783 added to the pressure for land, bringing more than 30,000 United Empire Loyalist refugees to what is now Canada, as well as Aboriginal allies of the British such as the Six Nations. [...] With the arrival of increasing numbers of colonists, settlers began to push for lands held by Aboriginal peoples, leading to a series of land surrender treaties beginning in 1764.11 Subsequent treaties, such as the Robinson Treaties of the 1850’s and the 11 “numbered treaties” reached between 1871 and 1921, focussed on gaining control of vast areas of Aboriginal land, either for settlement in the



government politics canada indians of north america civil law diplomacy conflict resolution ethics indigenous peoples international relations inuit land rights law reserves society treaty native peoples first nations constitution (law) first nation indigenous peoples in canada aboriginal title royal proclamation indian reserve james bay project land claims iroquois nunavut tunngavik new france 1763

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Canadian Electronic Library (Firm)
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January 2014
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J244 2014eb
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1 electronic text (15 pages)
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Mode of access: World Wide Web
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Understanding our treaty past, present and future
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