Leaps and Boundaries - The Expert Panel on Artificial Intelligence for Science and Engineering
6 May 2022
Leaps and Boundaries The Expert Panel on Artificial Intelligence for Science and Engineering Leaps and Boundaries The Expert Panel on Artificial Intelligence for Science and Engineering The Council of Canadian Academies 180 Elgin Street, Suite 1401, Ottawa, ON, Canada, K2P 2K3 The project that is the subject of this report was undertaken with the approval of the Board of Directors of the Council o. [...] I also extend my thanks to the CCA’s Board of Directors; Scientific Advisory Committee; and its founding Academies, the Royal Society of Canada, the Canadian Academy of Engineering, and the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, for their guidance and oversight during the process. [...] Recognizing the opportunities, challenges, and implications of applying AI to science and engineering, the National Research Council of Canada (NRC), with support from the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), asked the C. [...] Ethical considerations about the use of AI in science and engineering arise at all stages in the research process, including data collection and pre-processing; design and use of AI models trained on those data; dissemination and publication of results; and long-term storage, maintenance, and access to data, models, and results. [...] The lack of gender and racial diversity in the field of AI research is well documented, and there are currently high levels of inequality in the existing distribution of resources, infrastructure, and skills in the context of the production, dissemination, and use of AI for scientific research.