A Departmental Dilemma: The Genesis of Canadian Military Export Policy, 1945-1960
26 January 2023
Laurent in the Gray Lecture of 1947.22 The foundations of twentieth-century arms control and military export restraint – including the necessity of proportionality, discrimination, and the laws of war – are rooted within the legacy of the Judeo-Christian just war tradition that also underlies both International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and global understandings of human security and human rights.23. [...] References to the recently published Merchants of Death, a lurid exposé on the misdeeds of private arms manufacturers such as Vickers, Krupps, and DuPont, multiplied in Parliament and Canadian newspapers.56 In fact, the public’s condemnation of arms trading and militarization played a role in convincing the Liberals to delay the establishment of a privately-owned military industry until the late 1. [...] Military Exports as a Defence Requirement The erosion of Canadian military export policy is correlated with the increasing importance of exports to the Canadian Defence Industrial Base (DIB) – the network of domestic producers of military equipment and technology which together constitute the military industrial capacity of the nation.94 The purpose of the DIB is twofold: to meet the normal procur. [...] These agreements would form the basis of later defence partnerships (such as NORAD and the DPSA) and provide an expanding market for Canadian military production.99 After the Second World War, the Canadian DIB became increasingly export-oriented due to the limited procurement capacity of the Canadian Armed Forces, and gradually shed the 95 John Treddenick, “Economic Significance of the Canadian De. [...] It explores early conflict over the marketing of Canadian military goods abroad, as well as the impact of the Korean War on Canadian arms sales, before excavating the context and motivation of the 1954 reforms to the EIPA and military export policy.