Interactions Between Oil and Environmental Policy in Ecuador
14 August 2023
We describe the interactions, in the form of contradictions, affinities and partnerships, of oil and conservation efforts and the implications of the simultaneous prioritization for conservation and climate change goals. [...] Thus, this study asks: What are the major legislative interactions between Ecuador’s oil and environmental policies and the implications for conservation, climate change and energy transition efforts? And how is the oil sector participating in the financing of protected areas? Regarding contradictions, we stress, for example, the vagueness of the Lasso administration’s environmental policies in co. [...] This situation depicts the apparent dichotomy of extraction and conservation, largely discussed in Latin American contexts, and mostly reflected in public policy and the political discourse. 11 5. INTERACTIONS AT THE FUNDAMENTAL LEVEL BETWEEN CONTEMPORARY ECUADOR’S OIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY/DISCOURSE 5.1 OIL POLICY (DECREE 95) AND THE DEEPENING OF OIL DEPENDENCE The strategies to increase oil. [...] We hold that the vagueness of Lasso’s government concerning conservation and environment has tacitly facilitated the advance of oil extraction. On June 5, 2021, through Decree 59, Lasso’s government introduced the concept of ecological transition, following in the footsteps of Mexico and Chile (Montaño 2022; Castro 2021), and changed the name of the former Ministry of Environment and Water (MAAE). [...] With the pending implementation of the ecological transition of Decree 59 in SNAP management, the SNAP Strategic Plan is the existing ruling document of SNAP and contains the current 13 guidelines concerning the management of these areas in Ecuador.