Nuclear Weapons

A nuclear weapon (also called an atom bomb, nuke, atomic bomb, nuclear warhead, A-bomb, or nuclear bomb) is an explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions, either fission (fission bomb) or from a combination of fission and fusion reactions (thermonuclear bomb). Both bomb types release large quantities of energy from relatively small amounts of matter. The first test of a fission ("atomic") bomb released an amount of energy approximately equal to 20,000 tons of TNT (84 TJ). The first thermonuclear ("hydrogen") bomb test released energy approximately equal to 10 million tons of TNT (42 PJ). Nuclear bombs …

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Publications

RI: Rideau Institute · 13 January 2023 English

to face the worst case, whereas the diplomat chases the best-case outcome. [...] Even absent nuclear weapons, the AK47, tanks and artillery are the current “weapons of mass destruction”, added to which stature has grown somewhat in the South. [...] • Canada can pursue diminution of the role of nuclear weapons in NATO's Strategic Concept and reduce the possibility of their intentional or accidental use

2022 Special Meeting of CNANW: Reducing the Nuclear Weapons Risks in the Ukraine Conflict (Panelists at recent gains on the battlefield. Sometimes the nuclear weapons threat is seen as blackmail, a bluff, or a no permanent peace without the abolition of nuclear weapons, rejection of militarism and an espousal of is desirable. “The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible. The peaceful resolution of “alternative histories”. Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons / Le Réseau canadien pour l’abolition des armes


PICES: North Pacific Marine Science Organization · 9 January 2023 English

In order to better evaluate the impact of the FDNPP accident on the marine environment in the North Pacific, the Working Group on Assessment of Marine Environmental Quality of Radiation …

Pacific in the 1950s and 1960s from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests (Aoyama et al., 2016). Although the ocean 1950s to monitor fallout radioactivity from nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere. The concentrations organized to confirm the effects of atmospheric nuclear weapons tests and has been maintained to the present 90Sr. The sources of most radionuclides were nuclear weapons tests that were undertaken in the period from influence of radionuclide fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests in the last century. The short-term direct


RI: Rideau Institute · 20 December 2022 English

the connections between the foreign policy expert community and actors with interests in the nuclear weapons enterprise, this study relies on a cross-sectional investi- gation of the funding sources of a mili- tary hardware sold by the contractor.91 Conclusions and implications Discussions of nuclear weapons and security often emphasize material vulnerabilities, such as the dangers of escalation or the

Research funding and conflicts of interest in nuclear weapons policy analysis 1140000 IRE0010.1177/00471 g1/107.711/0707/4070141717187282121144000000 nuclear weapons policy analysis journals.sagepub.com/home/ire in recent years concluded that the field of nuclear weapons policy analysis is plagued by widespread self-censorship conflicts of interest, knowledge production, nuclear weapons, policy analysis, political economy of research years concluded that the expert discourse on nuclear weapons and international security is beset by self-censorship


Wilson Center Canada · 8 December 2022 English

BRIDGING THE GULF: China’s Navigation of the Saudi-Iranian Rivalry By Lucille Greer Kissinger Institute BRIDGING THE GULF: China’s Navigation of the Saudi-Iranian Rivalry By Lucille Greer The Wilson Center The …

Although Iran had covertly been working on a nuclear weapons program since the end of the Iran-Iraq War technology lays the foundation for eventual nuclear weapons technology.362 In response, the Chinese foreign 364 While speculating on the path to Saudi nuclear weapons acquisition, it is import- ant to remember of the Treaty on the Nonpro- liferation of Nuclear Weapons. Much of Saudi rhetoric around gaining a nuclear world.450 China does not want Iran to develop nuclear weapons because it contradicts Chinese objectives for


PMLQ: Parti marxiste-léniniste du Québec · 8 December 2022 English

The Montreal proceedings are the second phase of a process that began last year in Kunming, southwestern China, aimed at negotiating and adopting a "post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework." The framework …

about chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapons is aimed at bolstering the promotion by the


Wilson Center Canada · 5 December 2022 English

The second section turns to the format of the ACRS Working Group, shedding light on the role of its co-chairs and the Steering Group of the multilateral track. [...] Baker …

Organization NPT Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1991 as a Non-Nuclear Weapons State, the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) mentioned nuclear weapons”. Facing that principled Israeli reluctance to discuss nuclear weapons, the Egyptian in… setting that subject (meaning: Israel’s nuclear weapons) on the international agenda.” A third Israeli that you could take towards establishing a nuclear weapons free zone was going to be limited.” While the


RI: Rideau Institute · 2 December 2022 English

the work necessary for achieving the NATO goal of creating the conditions for a world free of nuclear weapons.

And the optimist responds “Sure they can!”. Nuclear weapons and the existential threat they pose to humanity assumed that with the end of the Cold War nuclear weapons disappeared, whereas some 12,000 of these warheads would like to describe the current state of nuclear weapons as a factor in international relations, explain the small window of opportunity to eliminate nuclear weapons when they numbered no more than the fingers the risks, some unknown at the time, that nuclear weapons would have been used. The respective leaders


Wilson Center Canada · 28 November 2022 English

Challenges and Opportunities for South Korea in the U.S.-China Competition

accelerated missile testing and development of its nuclear weapons program (including potential development and and deployment of tactical nuclear weapons) increasingly leads South Korea (and potentially the United However, the successful tests of missiles and nuclear weapons by North Korea meant the failure of Moon’s US-China relationship, North Korea’s pursuit of nuclear weapons, the rigidity of China’s policy-making process


NWMO: Nuclear Waste Management Organization · 31 October 2022 English

The overall objective of the Emergency Services Study is to assess the effects of the Project on emergency services locally and regionally (Bruce County) in the construction and the operations …

measures respecting the non- proliferation of nuclear weapons and nuclear explosive devices • Dissemination


PMLQ: Parti marxiste-léniniste du Québec · 23 October 2022 English

at the time of the Clinton presidency kept upping the ante with the aim of winning over and connecting those responsible for the machinery of state to the money market. …

development of nuclear weapons in the 1940s, there developed a relationship of nuclear weapons to the U.S Office of the President. Once the connection of nuclear weapons with the Office of the U.S. President was established arguments used are incidental to the fact that nuclear weapons are actively used to define aggression. They led to more deaths than did the dropping of nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The reason is that to speak and propagate information. As for nuclear weapons, they were used repeatedly to threaten the


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