Ethno-racial groups in Toronto, 1971-2001
Over half the members of the African ethno-racial groups, 60 percent of the members of Caribbean groups, and more than 70 percent of the members of the Arab and West Asian, South Asian, East Asian and South and Central American groups are immigrants. [...] About 10 percent of the members of European ethno-racial groups are poor, 20 percent of members of the Aboriginal, South Asian, East Asian, Caribbean and South and Central American groups, 30 percent of members of Arab and West Asian groups (and of persons whose only ancestry is Aboriginal), and 40 percent for the African groups. [...] Differences in the characteristics of ethno-racial groups should be understood in the context of the variation among the members of each group, described by statisticians as a comparison of the variation between groups to the variation within groups. [...] Regression is used to show the extent to which differences in the employment income of ethno-racial groups are the result of differences in their age distributions, education and the proportion of immigrants and when they came to Canada. [...] Between 1996 and 2001 the Arabic and West Asian ethno-racial groups and the South Asian groups grew most rapidly, each by 7.3 percent per year, compared to 5.0 percent for the African 11 groups, 4.5 percent for the East Asian groups, 4.0 percent for the South and Central American groups, 2.9 percent for the Caribbean groups, and 2.8 percent for the Aboriginal groups.