Major stakeholders include the Canadian Society of Transplantation, the Canadian Society of Nephrology, the Canadian Association of Transplantation, Health Canada, The Kidney Foundation of Canada and the Canadian Association of Nephrology Nurses and Technologists. [...] At the upper end of the age spectrum (aged 60 years of age and older), the number of Canadians increased by 20% but has been relatively stable since 2001.1 Considering incident ESRD RRT patients in Canada in terms of age-specific rates, the magnitude and direction of change differed between age groups. [...] For this group, the highest rates were in Manitoba, with 77.7 PMP in the 20-to-44-year age group, and a considerably higher rate of 292.4 PMP in the 45-to-65-year age group. [...] In terms of the number of patients by age group, there was a 33% increase in the number of incident ESRD patients aged 65 to 74 years (from 1,003 in 1996 to 1,362 in 2005) and more than double the number of patients age 75 years and older, from 595 in 1996 to 1,437 in 2005 (Table 4). [...] A declining trend in the diagnoses of pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis as the cause of renal failure in incident patients emerged throughout the same period.
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