Governmentality and exclusion in post-disaster spaces: conducting the conduct of the survivors of Typhoon Sendong in
11 April 2016
The activities that unfolded in the ensuing days, weeks, and months showed the intricate negotiation between the survivors of the disaster and the trustees who controlled the access to resources, especially those linked to disaster relief and recovery. [...] The interventions of religious and state trustees in disaster relief and recovery suggest they pursued what James Scott (1998) calls acts of simplification with the goal of increasing the legibility of survivors and of the spaces they inhabit for the purpose of manipulation. [...] A brief history of environmental migration scholarship In the 1980s there was an enormous surge in the volume and breadth of research on the causes and impacts of anthropogenic climate change, so it is not surprising that the idea of environmental refugees first surfaced in the United Nations Environment Programme in 1985 (Bates 2002). [...] Government Office for Science (2011) provide succinct overviews of the evolution of the environmental migration discourse, the wide discrepancies in estimates of the number of affected people, and the debate over how to categorise them. [...] Today, researchers of environmental migration issues are urged to study the linkages among climate change, migration and food security issues; the trapped and immobile populations in the context of environmental change and; the classed, racialised, and gendered aspects of climate change and migration (GOS 2011, McLeman 2013).