uprooted: The Undergraduate Journal of American Studies, volume 15, 2020-2021
8 July 2021
The Centre for the Study of the United States (CSUS) at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, University of Toronto, is our country’s preeminent place for making sense of our place in the Americas and in the world. [...] The concept of a settler-colo- nial state, such as in the case of the United States and the State of Israel, among others, can most concisely be defined by the existence of levels of citizenry in a democratic state, and then consequential disenfranchise- ment of the subclasses of this citizenry.10 A very real hierarchical level of existence in these settler-colonial nation-states negates their the. [...] The field of vision is significant because Fanon’s The Fact of Blackness marks the fundamental role vision plays in the history of racism 34 The Undergraduate Journal of American Studies through a retelling of how the white gaze fixes.8 The field of vision is a compromised arena, so disturbing visual transparency troubles traditions of knowledge production. [...] Their denial of the echoes of whiteness is a perpetual repetition of being well deceived that provides a sense of security and “rightness”.13 Despite the processes of integration, Black people are always kept “in their place” when in white spaces.14 White spaces vary but the most distinctive feature of white space is the overwhelming presence of white people and the absence of Black people.15 In U. [...] To many, the advancement of Black people in a white space is seen as a threat, believing it is at the expense of white people.21 If the presence of Black people in white spaces is always seen as a threat to the stability and security of whiteness and white people, then they are and will always be an embodiment of the ‘accidents and surprises’ that European culture does not allow.