Digital ID, Surveillance, and the Value of Privacy_Part Two_Justice Centre
9 August 2023
Security Most Canadians value security, which also happens to be a right that is guaranteed in Section 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms: “[e]veryone has the right to life, liberty, and security of the person, and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.”18 Security is not just a desirable thing to have; it is also a right. [...] Harms to the digital identities of persons, or invasions of the informational privacy of persons, do seem to engage a common-sense understanding of security and the right to security. [...] It is rooted in the concept of the human person, in human self-understanding as constituted by the bedrock truths about what and who we are…The universal meaning of the concept of dignity, as inherent to every human being, expresses the intrinsic good that the human being is. [...] (We can see here a link between autonomy and human dignity.) On this notion of human dignity, human beings have the right to exist for themselves and not for the interests of others, their community, or the state.44 So, what is the link between human dignity, privacy, and digital ID? We suggest that the tracking and profiling digital ID programs referenced in Part One of this report are concerning. [...] One of the first legal recognitions of the conceptual and legal link between human dignity and rights appears in the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights, (1948), the preamble to which mentions “recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace in the world…” While the Can.