INSIGHT: NORTHEAST ASIA - Japan revises key security documents, heralding dramatic shift in defence
2 November 2023
IN BRIEF On December 16, 2022, after years of debate, the Japanese cabinet approved revisions to three key security and defence documents: the National According to Prime Minister Kishida Fumio, the Security Strategy (NSS), the National Defense revisions are necessary to enhance the country’s Strategy (previously the National Defense Program military to make Japan a powerful deterrent and Guidelin. [...] “reinterpreted” on many occasions to expand Japan’s It is only the second NSS since the postwar Basic military capabilities in the name of “self-defence.” The Policy on National Defense in 1957. [...] The same poll, however, indicated that 50.3 postwar era – and a doubling of defence spending to per cent of the respondents approved of Japan’s new two per cent of the country’s GDP by 2027. [...] On December 28, Kishida hinted The approval of the three documents marks a major at the possibility of a general election before revisiting shift in Japan’s post-Second World War pacifist the tax issue. [...] The second issue is that the appeal of the The new documents outline a defence spending SDF is low and they have struggled to attract new and procurement plan that entails purchasing new recruits since at least 2014.