Civilization

A civilization (or civilisation) is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, a form of government, and symbolic systems of communication (such as writing).Civilizations are intimately associated with and often further defined by other socio-politico-economic characteristics, such as centralization, the domestication of both humans and other organisms, specialization of labour, culturally-ingrained ideologies of progress and supremacism, monumental architecture, taxation, societal dependence upon farming and expansionism.Historically, "a civilization" has often been understood as a larger and "more advanced" culture, in implied contrast to smaller, supposedly primitive cultures. In this broad sense, a civilization contrasts with non-centralized tribal societies, including …

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Publications

Wilson Center Canada · 7 February 2024 English

and the local average in its arid southeastern Up until the 1970s, the main challenge in the parts, where the Euphrates and Tigris originate, basin was flooding, and the relative …

July 29). A Climate Warning from the Cradle of Civilization. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.co


Wilson Center Canada · 7 February 2024

change, and in particular, the issue vironmental change—including unique experi- The Cradle of Civilization in Peril: Page 2 A Closer Look at the Impact of Climate Change in Iraq ences by historically marginalized source of water in the province, other than the dwindling rainfall in the region.”14 The Cradle of Civilization in Peril: Page 3 A Closer Look at the Impact of Climate Change in Iraq 33°0'0"N 34°0'0"N 35°0'0"N threatens already-fragile Figure 3: WFP temperature and vegetation map of Iraq23 The Cradle of Civilization in Peril: Page 6 A Closer Look at the Impact of Climate Change in Iraq Recommendations and Areas

OF CHANGE YOUTH FELLOWSHIP 2023 The Cradle of Civilization is in Peril: a closer look at the impact of change—including unique experi- The Cradle of Civilization in Peril: Page 2 A Closer Look at the Impact dwindling rainfall in the region.”14 The Cradle of Civilization in Peril: Page 3 A Closer Look at the Impact Diyala,18 where access to potable The Cradle of Civilization in Peril: Page 4 A Closer Look at the Impact sometimes clash over reduced access The Cradle of Civilization in Peril: Page 5 A Closer Look at the Impact


ICP: Institute for Community Prosperity · 30 January 2024 English

Add to this the killings of thousands in each of the conflicts in Ethiopia, Myanmar and Yemen; the civil war in Sudan, with at least 9,000 killed and another 5.6 …

the next half-millennium. Few experiments in civilization have had such staying power. Abraham Lincoln Netanyahu’s framing of the fight as ”the forces of civilization against the barbarians” or in Hamas’ embrace development of AI. As we prepare to augment our civilization profoundly with AGI and other superintelligent


IISD: International Institute for Sustainable Development · 29 January 2024 English

These two reports unpack the complex landscape of voluntary standards and initiatives for carbon management to help private sector actors reach net-zero emissions.

That’s the target year for getting all of human civilization to a point where our emissions have been reduced


Yellowhead Institute · 24 January 2024

genocides and apartheids, before international law lives up to the “standard of anti-colonial civilization” expressed, for example, in Indigenous concepts of care “for all our relations,” in the South

condoned Auschwitz,” etc. in Israel’s “battle of civilization against devastation of Gaza is an expression northern Gaza,” UN Relief Coordinator into “civilization”; to the Apartheid Convention, which Martin law lives up to the “standard of anti-colonial civilization” expressed, for example, in Indigenous concepts


CCPA: Canadian Centre For Policy Alternatives · 22 January 2024 English

Acknowledgements The opinions and recommendations in this report, and any errors, are those of the author, We are thankful to all the students in this research project for and do …

incorporate Muslim history in Canada, Muslim civilization, and cultures in school curricula” (Sotiriadou


Wilson Center Canada · 14 January 2024 English

and the local average in its arid southeastern Up until the 1970s, the main challenge in the parts, where the Euphrates and Tigris originate, basin was flooding, and the relative …

July 29). A Climate Warning from the Cradle of Civilization. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.co


Wilson Center Canada · 14 January 2024

There is indeed an increasing created social, economic, and financial vulnera- consensus that climate change in the region bility and fragility susceptible to external shocks acts as a “threat multiplier” …

OF CHANGE YOUTH FELLOWSHIP 2023 The Cradle of Civilization is in Peril: a closer look at the impact of New York times, A warning from the cradle of civilization, https://www.nytimes. com/2023/07/29/world/


FCPP: Frontier Centre for Public Policy · 4 January 2024 English

A Personal Declaration of Opposition to The Abuse of Our Charter of Rights and Freedoms by The State I believe there are more instances of the abridgement of the freedom …

of the indispensable institutions of Western civilization is the rule of law. That rule is central to


Alberta Teachers' Association · 21 December 2023 English

Ukraine is one of the world’s leading exporters of wheat, corn and sunflower oil, earning it the nickname “the breadbasket of Europe.” Alberta Connection Alberta is part of the Ukrainian …

Toronto Press, 2009 Little Big Me, 2018 Trypilian Civilization by Andrew Gregorovich Forum, 2009 90 SUPPORTING


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