History

History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. Events occurring before the invention of writing systems are considered prehistory. "History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Historians place the past in context using historical sources such as written documents, oral accounts, ecological markers, and material objects including art and artifacts.History also includes the academic discipline which uses narrative to describe, examine, question, and analyze a sequence of past events, and investigate the …

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Publications

CMEC · 3 August 2022 English

An analysis of the index based on the gender of the students reveals statistically significant differences in the majority of provinces, with boys responding more positively to the items of …

energy and its transformation; the universe and its history; and how science can help us prevent disease. Provincial


CIGI · 28 July 2022 English

wake of the other” (ibid. [...] ABOUT THE AUTHOR Michael Cotey Morgan is associate professor of history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and author of The Final Act: The Helsinki Accords

public policy emerged out of an appreciation of history and context. This essay series, sponsored by the Together, the essays demonstrate the value of history to a decision maker’s analytical calculus and offer 2009). Holmes won his university’s gold medal in history as an undergraduate in 1932 and completed a master’s retired from the CIIA, its Canadian foreign policy history: inasmuch as members created a library fund in strategy.” CIGI and the trustees present here an The history of Canadian foreign policy is a innovative new


CIGI · 28 July 2022 French

: 60 Évolution de la pertinence du Canada MEREDITH LILLY Leadership du numérique et action collective Les communications, la technologie et la politique étrangère canadienne 69 HEIDI TWOREK Promotion de …

Schoultz, Lars. 1998. Beneath the United States: A History of U.S. Policy toward Latin America. Cambridge C. P. 1977. Canada and the Age of Conflict: A History of Canadian External Policies. Volume 1, 1867–1921 Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History de l’Université de Toronto et ancien rédacteur 2021. « “East Rising, West Falling”: Not So Fast, History Suggests ». The Les répercussions à donnent réfléchir Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, Université de établir clairement sa « propre orientation


DDN · 26 July 2022 English

Two survivors of a family massacre share the horrific true story of how a former church minister slaughtered every woman in his family save one over the course of one …

are complex structures: they have an internal history that is understood only by its members, and often the issues that gave rise to them, has been oral history. Oral histories are a form of research where the which the respondent replies. The version of oral history found here is a combination of my prompts and both project must stand as one of the longest oral history exercises on record. We have interviewed, and were able to take some element from each oral history and weave it into the story. We are profoundly


Right to Housing · 25 July 2022 English

Because they dominate the budgets of households with low income, and because they represent the cost of meeting what are universally understood to be the most basic of needs, we …

that for all of Canada. Again, based on recent history, food prices and rents are assumed to increase


School of Public Policy, University of Calgary · 25 July 2022 English

Because they dominate the budgets of households with low income, and because they represent the cost of meeting what are universally understood to be the most basic of needs, we …

that for all of Canada. Again, based on recent history, food prices and rents are assumed to increase


CIGI · 22 July 2022 English

A distinguished academic, he has served as minister of economy and finance of the Italian government (2014–2018); deputy secretary-general and chief economist at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; …

an M.Sc. in economics and a Ph.D. in economic history, both from Bocconi University in Milan. vi Conference


CMA · 21 July 2022 English

doi: 10.1503/cmaj.220049 A 31-year-old woman presented to the dermatology department with an asymptomatic erythematous patch on the dorsum of her right foot (Figure 1A). [...] She had had a similar …

treatment (Figure 1B). She had no notable medical history, and no other local or systemic symptoms, including


CIGI · 21 July 2022 English

10 Political Divisions. [...] 1 Topographical Divisions. [...] 10 Standard Conventions. [...] 5 Numerals versus Words. [...] 5 Inclusive Numbers.

may emerge in In Works Cited: the perspective of history as the twilight of the GATT. Zhao, Jieyu, Tianlu


CMA · 21 July 2022 English

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, formerly known as extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is a type of interstitial lung disease caused Figure 2: High-resolution computed tomography scan of the chest of a 47-year-old woman with …

47-year-old woman presented to hospital with a 3-month history of dry cough, wheeze, dyspnea and intermittent amoxicillin–clavulanic acid). • An occupational history is essential when evaluating patients The patient pneumonitis include infectious cations and her medical history was notable only for obstructive agents; enzymes; molecular-weight chemicals and metals. pressure. She had no history of asthma, no pets and no exposures to • Patients capacity was 4.61  L (89% predicted) and diffusion history. The patient had taken pictures with her mobile


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