Law is a system of rules created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior, with its precise definition a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a group legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes; by the executive through decrees and regulations; or established by judges through precedent, usually in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals may create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that adopt alternative ways of resolving disputes to standard court litigation. The creation of laws themselves …



CIGI: Centre for International Governance Innovation · 1 March 2024

It was the first nation in the have a significant impact on the lives of Canadians world to publish a national AI strategy.5 The and the operations of Canadian businesses.”9 …

AI Together Fellowship’s Emerging Tech Policy in Law & Society, where she leads research on Leaders Program Immersive Technology, Biometric Psychography, and the Law.” Vanderbilt Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment and Technology Law 23 (1).

CADTH: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health · 28 February 2024 English

This disclaimer and any questions or matters of any nature arising from or relating to the content or use (or misuse) of this document will be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario and the laws of Canada applicable therein, and all proceedings shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the Province of Ontario, Canada.

relating to the content or use (or misuse) of this document will be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario and the laws of Canada applicable therein, and all proceedings shall be subject to the exclusive These rights are protected by the Canadian Copyright Act and other national and international laws and agreements.

ICP: Institute for Community Prosperity · 27 February 2024 English

The City of Calgary has several by-laws that pertain Research Program (DiPo) at the University of Calgary’s to accessibility and to people with disabilities, including School of Public Policy provides

disabilities that limited them in people killed by law enforcement officers are disabled.44 their daily Marrakesh Treaty is a legally is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against binding international create a Canada Disability Benefit, entered into law ities provides advice to the provincial government professional organization crossings), the Parking By-Law (which requires that acces- for scholars, researchers exchange of ideas and infor- the Animal Control By-Law (which allows for service mation related to disability

CCSA: Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction · 26 February 2024 English

the Standardized Field Sobriety Test can be supplemented with other tests and observations to help law enforcement officers detect potential cannabis impairment in drivers.

a brief field test that could be easily used by law enforcement at roadside to identify drivers whose the battery of tests best suited to be used by law enforcement officers at roadside to detect drivers

POLIS Project on Ecological Governance, University of Victoria · 26 February 2024 English

The protection, conservation, and improved governance of Canada’s fresh water is of vital importance, especially with the current and increasing threats of climate change and water insecurity. [...] Safeguarding and …

understanding of freshwater issues to help drive important law, policy, and governance reforms. POLIS is an active insights, which includes ongoing work on federal water law and policy. In this submission, we emphasize a number modernizing its approach to water management, important law reform priorities with a stronger water sustainability University of Victoria Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Law & School of Public Administration, University of

School of Public Policy, University of Calgary · 26 February 2024

Regulation 272/21 made it easier to transfer ALC patients to alternative settings, specifically revoking Ontario’s policy experiments in regulating hospital bed usage have been portions of the Health Care Consent …


IISD: International Institute for Sustainable Development · 22 February 2024 English

This report outlines and compares various policy measures that Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Peru, and Rwanda have put in place to address deforestation.

origin of commodities, 2 In 2017, France adopted a law requiring companies to establish and implement a deforestation. In June 2021, Germany adopted a similar law that requires companies to conduct due diligence as weak land tenure systems, poverty, a lack of law enforcement, and political instability. Finally governance, enforceability, and effective rule of law (FAO, 2022b). 7 Measures to Enhance legal framework comprising the 1995 Environment Law 7554, which mandates a “balanced and ecologically

Fraser Institute · 22 February 2024 English

Worsening housing affordability in Ontario, particularly in the Greater Toronto Area, underscores the importance of reviewing governments’ impact on homebuilding. Despite recent positive policy shifts, substantial obstacles hinder housing development. …

adjudicates matters relating to land use and planning law. Beyond extending timelines, these less predictable February 6, 2023. Mississauga (2023). Zoning By-law. < building-and-renovating/zoning-information/zoning-by-law/>, as of October 6, 2023. Ontario (2022). Housing

Wilson Center Canada · 21 February 2024 English

The aim of this paper is to explain the stages of an FTO designation, and the roles of the various government stakeholders involved. [...] STAGE Clearance The administrative record draft …

activities. The aim was to give federal and state law enforcement agencies more aggressive tools to confront determine whether any Center, National concern (law enforcement, diplomatic, or Security Agency intelligence) signature. If the president signs the bill, it becomes law. 7 | Mexican Cartels and the FTO Debate https://cis countries not ordinarily subject to U.S. criminal law. Second, defendants charged under this section could on-841-prohibited-acts-a The Kingpin Act became law in December 1999. Its purpose is to deny significant

PMLQ: Parti marxiste-léniniste du Québec · 20 February 2024 English

She reiterated the people's demands to end the genocidal assault on Gaza and the siege on Gaza, for a complete and total end to the occupation, and that Canada enforce …

for UNWRA; and that Canada respect international law and do its duty as a party to the Genocide Convention

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