Nationalization, or nationalisation, is the process of transforming privately owned assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state. Nationalization usually refers to private assets or to assets owned by lower levels of government (such as municipalities) being transferred to the state. The opposites of nationalization are privatization and demutualization. When previously nationalized assets are privatized and subsequently returned to public ownership at a later stage, they are said to have undergone renationalization. Industries often subject to nationalization include the commanding heights of the economy - telecommunications, electric power, fossil fuels, railways, …



IISD: International Institute for Sustainable Development · 17 May 2024 English

For decades, national policy-making has focused on GDP, with growth celebrated as the main standard for deciding how well countries are doing. Yet GDP is a short-term indicator that captures …

rights; safeguarding foreign investments from nationalization; allowing investments in all sectors, excluding

Fraser Institute · 14 May 2024 English

This report presents the results of the Fraser Institute's 2023 annual mining survey, which assesses the impact of mineral endowments and policy factors on attitudes toward exploration investment. The survey …

An exploration company, Company president Nationalization of mining assets increases uncertainty and exploration company, Company president The nationalization of lithium forces partnership with government

IISD: International Institute for Sustainable Development · 14 May 2024 English

At the COP 28 climate summit in Dubai, 198 governments agreed to transition away from fossil fuels. That means phasing out oil and gas, as well as coal. Yet most …

utini Initiative). Regulatory approaches Nationalization of private fossil fuel-producing companies

Wilson Center Canada · 3 April 2024 English

Opinions expressed in Wilson Center publications and events are those of the authors and speakers and do not represent the views of the Wilson Center. [...] Drawing on the Wilson …

of make the much sought-after high-quality nationalization. In Chile, critics argued that LCE. It is these

Wilson Center Canada · 3 April 2024 English

It is the world’s largest resource towards the end of the 2000s decade, that of the mineral that is crucial for the world’s succeeded in fueling public spending and energy …

Morales’s know-how and easy access to funding. nationalization of Bolivia’s gas industry in Currently, foreign percent. In practice, this model was a par- tial nationalization, that allowed for the co- Germany’s ACI Systems

UAP: University of Alberta Press · 2 April 2024 English

Indigenous Legalities, Pipeline Viscosities examines the relationship between the Wet’suwet’en and hydrocarbon pipeline development, showing how colonial governments and corporations seek to control Indigenous claims and how the Wet'suwet'en resist. …

controlled most of the world’s reserves; resource nationalization broke the hege- mony of international oil companies

APF: Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada · 3 February 2024 English

Trade with Indonesia in critical minerals

price volatility, protectionist policies, and nationalization. 2. Indonesia is also suffering from social

Fraser Institute · 14 December 2023 English

After Estonia ended socialist rule and transitioned back to a market democracy, Estonians enjoyed vast improvements in their incomes, living standards and other key measures of prosperity. After the second …

“breaking the slavery of interest” (plank 11), “nationalization of all businesses which have been formed into

Fraser Institute · 30 November 2023 English

After the Soviet Union invaded Estonia and imposed socialism, living standards in Estonia plummeted—particularly compared to neighbouring Finland. Estonia and Finland share much in common including geography and natural resources. …

“breaking the slavery of interest” (plank 11), “nationalization of all businesses which have been formed into

CIGI: Centre for International Governance Innovation · 12 October 2023 English

With a program, such as the deployment of fibre optics, the minimum amount of US$20 billion focused on Senegal Horn of Africa Regional Express submarine the construction of infrastructure in …

that facilitate the tracking from arbitrary nationalization of private entities of pharmaceutical products

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