Panama ( (listen) PAN-ə-mah, pan-ə-MAH; Spanish: Panamá IPA: [panaˈma] (listen)), officially the Republic of Panama (Spanish: República de Panamá), is a transcontinental country in Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's 4 million people.Panama was inhabited by indigenous tribes before Spanish colonists arrived in the 16th century. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined the Republic of Gran …



Fraser Institute · 14 May 2024 English

This report presents the results of the Fraser Institute's 2023 annual mining survey, which assesses the impact of mineral endowments and policy factors on attitudes toward exploration investment. The survey …

Caledonia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Poland, Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville),

MQUP: McGill-Queen's University Press · 14 May 2024 English

Migration Governance in North America engages the complex dynamics of mobilities across the continent. Situating North America within the global migration landscape, it unpacks such issues as temporary labour mobility, …

Protection of Refugees in Latin America, Mexico, and Panama 1985 Intergovernmental Consultations on Asylum

MiningWatch Canada · 6 May 2024 English

The contract would have legalized the extraction of copper, gold and silver on 13,000 hect- ares (32,000+ acres) located in the heart of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor in the north …

RIGHTS VIOLATED DURING ANTI-MINING PROTESTS IN PANAMA OCTOBER - NOVEMBRE 2023 MAY 2024 REPORT AUTHORS Chandiramani y Ana Teresa Benjamín M. The government of Panama failed to protect the population against police WITH THE SUPPORT OF Protesters and bystanders in Panama have been systematically subjected to human rights for the company than representing the People of Panama. Other acts of retaliation were taken against unions

MiningWatch Canada · 1 May 2024 Spanish

provincias, siendo los puntos más álgidos las inmediaciones de la Asamblea Nacional, la Universidad de Panamá, el Puente 19 de julio de Santiago, el cruce de Horconcitos en Chiriquí, Chepo, el puerto de Punta

MARCO DE LAS PROTESTAS CONTRA EL CONTRATO MINERO EN PANAMÁ O C T U B R E - N O V I E M B R E 2 0 2 3 E L A los ecosistemas en Panamá (FUNDICCEP) y la Red Nacional en Defensa del Agua Panamá CON EL APOYO DE Movimiento Movimiento Panamá Vale Más Sin Minería, Earthworks y MiningWatch Canadá FOTOS DE PORTADA Izquierda: Integrantes de Justicia, el 19 de Noviembre 2023. (Crédito: Panamá Vale Más Sin Minería) 02 ÍNDICE Introducción . Derechos conculcados según la Defensoría del Pueblo de Panamá ......................17 Casos, hechos e incidentes

NSP: New Society Publishers · 30 April 2024 English

56 million years ago our planet experienced rapid, intense warming known as the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum, resulting in a global temperature increase of about 7°C. Runaway Climate explores the …

Central American Seaway (because the Isthmus of Panama did not yet exist), water from the Tethys Sea (between closure of the Caribbean Seaway by the Isthmus of Panama at around 10 Ma changed the way currents flow

BOU: Boulder Books · 20 April 2024 English

Marjorie Doyle grew up in a life of privilege in St. John’s, Newfoundland’s capital city. Her father, a middle-aged prosperous businessman, married Mary Foley, a young woman who had escaped …

Martinique, Trinidad, Barbados, St. Vin- cent, Curaçao, Panama, Haiti, and Havana before arriving back in New

CIGI: Centre for International Governance Innovation · 16 April 2024 English

A field with its roots established in the 1950s, artificial intelligence (AI) is suddenly much more in the public eye and capable of doing useful things for casual users as …

Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Sao Tome & Principe

Wilson Center Canada · 8 April 2024 English

WORKING GROUP REPORT US Leadership Matters in Addressing Forced Displacement Crisis Six Major Issues with Recommendations for Refugee Policy and Programming AUTHORS: Susan Martin James Hollifield John Thon Majok RAFDI …

Movements through the Darién Gap between Colombia and Panama is only one example. Multiple displacements, as

PMLQ: Parti marxiste-léniniste du Québec · 26 March 2024 French

Réaliser la valeur économique de la santé et de l'éducation ne devrait pas arriver par une voie indéterminée de taxation généralisée, souvent des taxes de ventes et de l'impôt sur …

rapport à l'itinéraire passant par le canal de Panama. Néanmoins, la position adoptée par la CCI en 1989

Global Risk Institute in Financial Services · 19 March 2024 English

They include the problems of incorporating that the important patterns and signals are and gauging greater complexity and adaptivity recognized? And how do they avoid the frequent in the models …

and China’s impacts will the combination of the Panama Canal’s very low only partially offset the negative Surge on Red Sea Attack Risk and Drought Affecting Panama Canal Sources: Bloomberg Opinion; UNCTAD calculations; “Global trade shudders over blockages in the Suez and Panama”, Financial Times, December 20, 2023. 47 See also

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